Enhanced accumulation of Cadmium in Linum ussitatissimum L. plants due to overproduction of metallothionein α-domain as a fusion to β-glucuronidase gene protein

In an attempt to enhance the phytoextraction capacity of L. usitatissimum through overproduction of an efficient heterologous Cd-binding peptide, we engineered linseed breeding line AGT 917 to constitutively express genetic fusion of α-domain of mammalian metallothionein 1a (αMT1a) and β-glucuronidase gus gene under the control of CaMV 35S promoter. An improved transformation protocol was developed. When tested in soils amended with Cd at 20 and 360 mg kg-1, the mature αMT1a::gus plants accumulated more Cd than parental AGT 917: the stem Cd concentrations in the best performing αMT1/2 line were 3.3- and 1.9-fold higher, respectively. Moreover, hypocotyl explants of αMT1/2 line showed 1.7-fold higher biomass than those of AGT 917 on media containing 15 mg Cd l-1, indicating that αMT1a::gus did confer higher Cd tolerance to engineered plant. Overproduction of metal-binding peptides thus appears to be a viable strategy for the production of L. usitatissimum with improved phytoremediation capacity

Přečtěte si více ...