Enzymatic bioprocessing – new tool of extensive natural fibre source utilization

New enzymes are currently going to have great potencial in bast fibres processing and modifications for different end uses. There are several new technologies using enzymes, which are able to modify fiber parametres, achieve requested properties, improve procesing results and ecology in the area of bast fibres processing and fabrics finishing. Enzymatic retting of flax, enzymatic cottonization of bast fibres, enzymatic hemp separation, enzymatic processing of flax rovings before wet spinning etc. create the group of new technologies supported by effective mechanical treatments. It seems that only complex solution of relations between agrar and processing sphere and utilization of new technologies of biochemical and mechanical processing enable to create suitable conditions for utilization of traditional and perspective renewable fibre sources and to open them ways to new qualities and to other industrial areas of use.